Peer-Reviewed Publications

Phrenology bustDeFife, J.A., Drill, R., Beinashowitz, J., Ballantyne, L., Plant, D., Smith-Hansen, L., Teran, V., Werner-Larsen, L., Westerling, T., Yang, Y., Davila, M., & Nakash, O. (accepted, in press). Practice-based psychotherapy research in a public health setting: Obstacles and opportunites. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration.

DeFife, J.A., Haggerty, G., Smith, S.W., Betancourt, L., Ahmed, Z., & Ditkowski, K. (accepted, in press). Clinical validity of prototype personality disorder ratings in adolescents. Journal of Personality Assessment.

Drill, R., Nakash, O., DeFife, J.A., & Westen, D. (accepted, in press). Assessment of clinical information: Comparison of the validity of a structured clinical interview (the SCID) and the Clinical Diagnostic Interview. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.

Haggerty, G., Blanchard, M., Baity, M.R., DeFife, J.A., Stein, M.B., Seifert, C.J., Sinclair, S.J., & Zodan, J. (2015). Clinical validity of a dimensional assessment of self- and interpersonal functioning in adolescent inpatients.Journal of Personality Assessment, 97(1), 3-12.

DeFife, J.A., Goldberg, M.G., & Westen, D. (in press).  Dimensional assessment of self and interpersonal functioning in adolescents: Implications for DSM-5’s general definition of personality disorder.  Journal of Personality Disorders.

Westen D., DeFife, J.A., Malone, J.C., & DiLallo, J. (2014).  An empirically derived classification of adolescent personality disorders.  Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(5), 528-549.

Huprich, S.K., DeFife, J.A., & Westen, D. (2014). Refining a complex diagnostic construct: Subtyping dysthymia with the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure-II. Journal of Affective Disorders, 152-154, 186-192. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2013.09.008

DeFife, J.A., Malone, J.C., DiLallo, J., & Westen, D. (2013). Asessing adolescent personality disorders with the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure for Adolescents (SWAP-II-A). Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 20(4), 393-407.

DeFife, J.A., Smith, J.M., & Conklin, C. (2013).  Psychotherapy appointment no-shows: Clinicians’ approaches. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 43(2), 107-113. doi:10.1007/s10879-012-9216-6

Ortigo, K.M., Westen, D., DeFife, J.A., & Bradley, B. (2013). Attachment, social cognition, and posttraumatic stress symptoms in a traumatized, urban population: Evidence for the mediating role of object relations. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26(3), 361-368.

DeFife, J.A., Peart, J., Bradley, B., Ressler, K., Drill, R., Beinashowitz, J., & Westen, D. (2013). The validity of prototype diagnosis for mood and anxiety disorders. JAMA Psychiatry, 70(2), 140-148. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.270

Westen, D., Malone, J.C., & DeFife, J.A. (2012). An empirically derived approach to the classification and diagnosis of mood disorders. World Psychiatry, 11(3), 172-180.

Fowler, J.C., & DeFife, J.A. (2012). Quality of object representations related to service utilization in a long-term residential treatment center. Psychotherapy, 49(3), 418-422. doi:10.1037/a0029566

Westen, D., Shedler, J., Bradley, B., & DeFife, J.A. (2012). Una tassonomia delle diagnosi di personalità derivate empiricamente: Colmare il divario tra scienza e clinica nella concettualizzazione della personalità.Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, 46(2), 327-358.

Westen, D., Shedler, J., Bradley, B., & DeFife, J.A. (2012). An empirically derived taxonomy for personality diagnosis: Bridging science and practice in conceptualizing personality. American Journal of Psychiatry, 169(3), 273-284. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2011.11020274

Dunlop, B.W., DeFife, J.A., Marx, L., Garlow, S.J., Nemeroff, C.B., & Lilienfeld, S.O. (2011). The effects of Sertraline on psychopathic traits. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, 26, 329-337. doi:10.1097/YIC.0b013e32834b80df

Hinrichs, J., DeFife, J.A., & Westen, D. (2011). Personality subtypes in adolescent and adult children of alcoholics.The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 199(7), 487-498. doi:10.1097/NMD.0b013e3182214268

DeFife, J.A., & Hilsenroth, M.J. (2011). Starting off on the right foot: Common factor elements in early psychotherapy process. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 21(2), 172-191.

Bradley, B., DeFife, J.A., Guarnaccia, C., Phifer, J., Fani, N., Ressler, K.J., & Westen, D. (2011). Emotion dysregulation and negative affect: Association with psychiatric symptoms. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 72(5), 685-691.

Westen, D., Betan, E., & DeFife, J.A. (2011). Identity disturbance in adolescence: Associations with borderline personality disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 23(1), 305-313.

DeFife, J.A., Drill, R., Nakash, O., & Westen, D. (2010). Agreement between clinician and patient ratings of adaptive functioning and developmental history. American Journal of Psychiatry, 167(12), 1472-1478.

DeFife, J.A., Conklin, C., Smith, J., & Poole, J. (2010). Psychotherapy appointment no-shows: Rates and reasons.Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 47(3), 413-417.

Westen, D., DeFife, J.A., Bradley, B., & Hilsenroth, M.J. (2010). Prototype personality diagnosis in clinical practice: A viable alternative for DSM-5 and ICD-11. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 41(6), 482-487.

DeFife, J.A., Hilsenroth, M.J., & Gold, J.R. (2008). Patient ratings of psychodynamic psychotherapy session activities and their relation to outcome. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 196(7), 538-547.

Hilsenroth, M.J., DeFife, J.A., Blake. M.M., & Cromer, T.D. (2007). The effects of borderline pathology on short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy for depression. Psychotherapy Research, 17(2), 175-188.

Hilsenroth, M.J., Eudell-Simmons, E.M., DeFife, J.A., & Charnas, J. (2007). The Rorschach Perceptual-Thinking Index (PTI): An examination of reliability, validity, and diagnostic efficiency. International Journal of Testing, 7(3),269-291.

Hilsenroth, M.J., DeFife, J.A., Blagys, M.D., & Ackerman, S.A. (2006). Effects of training in short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy: Changes in graduate clinician technique. Psychotherapy Research, 16(3), 293-305.

DeFife, J.A. & Hilsenroth, M.J. (2005). Clinical utility of the Defensive Functioning Scale in the assessment of depression. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 193(3), 176-182.

Eudell-Simmons, E.M., Stein, M.B., DeFife, J.A., & Hilsenroth, M.J. (2005). Reliability and validity of the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale (SCORS) in the assessment of dream narratives. Journal of Personality Assessment, 85(3), 325-333.


Book Chapters

DeFife, J.A., Hilsenroth, M.J., & Kuutmann, K. (in press). Beyond transference: Fostering growth through therapeutic immediacy. In P. Luyten, L. Mayes, P. Fonagy, M. Target, & S. Blatt (Eds.), Handbook of contemporary psychodynamic approaches to psychopathology. New York: Guilford.

DeFife, J.A., & Westen, D. (2012). Empirically-informed clinical interviewing for personality disorders. In R. Levy, S. Ablon, & H. Kächele (Eds.), Psychodynamic psychotherapy research: Evidence-based practice and practice-based evidence (pp. 553-569). New York, NY: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-1-60761-792-1_31

Siefert, C.J., & DeFife, J.A. (2012). Outcome measures for psychodynamic psychotherapy. In R. Levy, S. Ablon, & H. Kächele (Eds.), Psychodynamic psychotherapy research: Evidence-based practice and practice-based evidence (pp 529-552). New York, NY: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-1-60761-792-1_30

DeFife, J.A. (2010). Predator on the prowl: Is Dexter a psychopathic, organized sexual sadist? In DePaulo,B. (Ed.),The psychology of Dexter (pp. 5- 16). Smart Pop.

Siefert, C.J., DeFife, J.A., & Baity, M.R. (2008). Process measures for psychodynamic psychotherapy. In Levy, R. and Ablon, S. (Eds.), Handbook of evidence-based psychodynamic psychotherapy (pp. 157-178). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.



DeFife, J.A. (2013). Clinician’s digest: DSM-5 ready for release; Reading emotions, Psychotherapy Networker, 37(2), 14-15.

DeFife, J.A. (2013). Clinician’s digest: Strengthening New Year’s resolutions; The antipsychotic epidemic; Can video games power up your practice? Psychotherapy Networker, 37(1), 13-16.

DeFife, J.A. (2012). Clinician’s digest: Psychotherapy’s declining market share; Can genes predict therapy outcome?; Navigating the maze of DSM-5; What causes Borderline Personality Disorder? Psychotherapy Networker, 36(6), 19-22.

DeFife, J.A. (2012). Clinician’s digest: Analysis for autism?; WEIRD science; Old pills, new promises for PTSD; “Manpocalypse” now. Psychotherapy Networker, 36(5), 13-16.

DeFife, J.A. (2012). Clinician’s digest: The partisan personality; Psychiatrist retracts “ex-gay” study; Endless therapy? Stop it!; Head injuries and depression. Psychotherapy Networker, 36(4), 11-14.

DeFife, J.A. (2008-present). Invited serial blogger for Psychology Today.

DeFife, J.A. (2010). The efficacy of psychodynamic therapy: Evidence and its discontents. Psychologist-Psychoanalyst, 30(2), 12-14.

DeFife, J.A. (2009). The 12 pounds of Christmas: How to beat back a bulging holiday waistline.

DeFife, J.A. (2009). Efficacy of psychotherapy. Psychologist-Psychoanalyst, 29(3), 16-17.

DeFife, J.A. (2006). Defensive functioning in psychopathology and psychotherapy. Psychologist-Psychoanalyst, 26(4), 32-35.


Book and Film Reviews

DeFife, J.A. (2012). Getting to the “you” you don’t know about: An alternative approach to personality assessment. [Review of the book Assessing the implicit personality through conditional reasoning, by L.R. James & J.M. LeBreton]. PsycCRITIQUES, 57(42), article 4.

DeFife, J.A. (2012). [Review of the book From psychoanalytic narrative to empirical single case research: Implications for psychoanalytic practice, by Kächele, H., Schachter, J., Thomä, H., & the Ulm Psychoanalytic Process Research Study Group]. Clinical Social Work Journal, 40(1), 112-114. doi: 10.1007/s10615-011-0322-9

DeFife, J.A. (2009). [Review of the book Symptom-focused dynamic psychotherapy, by M. Connors]. Psychologist-Psychoanalyst, 29(2), 31-34.

DeFife, J.A. (2008). Family matters [Review of the motion picture Before the devil knows you’re dead].PsycCRITIQUES-Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 53(45), article 9.

DeFife, J.A. (2008). Just the same old story? [Review of the video Narrative therapy: APA psychotherapy videos, series 1, systems of psychotherapy]. PsycCRITIQUES-Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 53(35), article 11.

DeFife, J.A. (2008). They made me do it [Review of the book The science of social influence: Advances and future progress, by A. Pratkanis (Ed.)]. PsycCRITIQUES, 53(2), article 8.

DeFife, J.A. (2007). Look who’s coming to the playground [Review of the motion picture Little children].PsycCRITIQUES, 52(37), article 18.

DeFife, J.A. (2007). Ewe make me feel so young [Review of the book After Dolly: The uses and misuses of human cloning, by I. Wilmut & R. Highfield]. PsycCRITIQUES, 52(33), article 126.

DeFife, J.A. (2007). Fairly disastrous individuals [Review of the book Written lives, by J. Marias]. PsycCRITIQUES, 52(33), article 110.

DeFife, J.A. (2007). Shuffled off [Review of the motion picture Last days] PsycCRITIQUES, 52(3), article 21.

DeFife, J.A. (2006). Dolls, fries, and videotape [Review of the motion picture Bubble]. PsycCRITIQUES, 51(39), article 20.

DeFife, J.A. (2004). Here comes the bride [Review of the motion picture Kill bill (Vols. 1 and 2)]. PsycCRITIQUES, 49(10), article 20.